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Integrated Multimodal Airport Operations for Efficient Passenger Flow Management

IMHOTEP’s vision is that of a multimodal European transport system where the different modes are seamlessly integrated, so that passengers travel from door to door in an efficient, sustainable and resilient manner.


Within this vision, airports will become multimodal connection nodes. A set of interconnected platforms and services will enable common situational awareness and real-time coordinated decision-making between airports and ground transport modes, allowing a more efficient passenger flow management and providing travellers with accurate information and recommendations for the planning and reconfiguration of their journeys in real time.


The goal of IMHOTEP is to develop a concept of operations and a set of data analysis methods, predictive models and decision support tools that allow information sharing, common situational awareness and real‑time collaborative decision-making between airports and ground transport stakeholders.


The specific objectives of the project are the following:

  1. Propose a concept of operations for the extension of airport collaborative decision-making to ground transport stakeholders, including local transport authorities, traffic agencies, transport operators and mobility service providers. The IMHOTEP ConOps will include a set of use cases based on information sharing and real-time coordinated decision-making between air transport and ground transport modes, including solutions for the dynamic reconfiguration of the passenger journey in the presence of disruptive events.

  2. Develop new data collection, analysis and fusion methods able to provide a comprehensive view of the door‑to‑door passenger trajectory through the coherent integration of different types of high‑resolution passenger movement data collected from personal mobile devices and digital sensors.

  3. Develop predictive models and decision support tools able to anticipate the evolution of an airport’s passenger flows within the day of operations and assess the operational impact on both airport processes and the ground transport system, with the aim of enabling real-time collaborative decision-making between airports and ground transport stakeholders and enhanced passenger information services.

  4. Validate the proposed concept and the newly developed methods and tools through a set of case studies conducted in direct collaboration with airports, local transport authorities and transport operators, in order to demonstrate the maturity of the technology, evaluate its benefits and assess the appropriateness of the transition to SESAR Industrial Research. The case studies will cover two airports with heterogeneous characteristics and serving different markets, namely the Palma de Mallorca and the London City airports.


The overall concept proposed by IMHOTEP, built around the idea of passenger activity-travel diaries, is summarised in the following figures.

IMHOTEP concept
IMHOTEP concept

IMHOTEP door-to-door passenger diary
IMHOTEP door-to-door passenger diary

IMHOTEP concept
IMHOTEP concept